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IOTA’s Potential as a Non-Profit Currency

IOTA (MIOTA)–Lost in the endless price speculation and market talk surrounding cryptocurrency is the innovative uses for the technology in solving real world problems. Blockchain has long been targeted by tech enthusiasts and policy makers as the potential gem to come out of crypto, with the currencies providing ancillary benefits to investors–but no one else. These analysts are only half correct. Cryptocurrency, particularly when looking across the board of the industry, has largely failed in establishing a real world presence and legitimate use cases up until this point. While most have argued that the benefits of crypto have to be measured in long term vision and adoption, the stagnation of Bitcoin and other top currencies has largely been out of a market starved for legitimate purpose.

However, losing sight of the benefits of individual currencies is a warped version of seeing the forest for the trees. Blockchain may provide the next wave of invention in terms of reshaping the political, social and financial landscape, but cryptocurrencies remain the most effective vehicle for delivery.

IOTA, the currency built to integrate with the world’s Internet of Things (IoT), has a different take on blockchain in the form of Tangle. Rather than relying upon a consensus mechanism that artificially limits network transactions via blocksizes, or enacts heavy fees from users, Tangle was designed to scale with IOTA adoption. As the currency develops more use cases, such as the most recent partnership with Volkswagen, the currency improves in ability to function. The addition of the much anticipated Qubic protocol now gives IOTA users access to developing smart contracts via the currency, in addition to the aforementioned utility of Tangle.

In all, this combines to create a technology that could find substantial use for non-profit organizations and charities seeking greater efficiency for donations and fund distribution. The IOTA Foundation has already positioned its currency as a humanitarian figure through last month’s partnership with the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) to improve the transparent efforts of the UN around the globe.

A natural extension of this partnership could be found in creating traction for non-profit organizations. Like voting via blockchain, the inefficiency of the charity/donation model has been pointed to as a prime example for crypto-based disruption–albeit with altruistic intentions. The currency IOTA offers near-instant, free transactions to be made from anywhere in the world, allowing a charity organization to collect secure payments without the added hassle of card and banking fees, or the barrier that accompanies cross-border transactions.

The release of Qubic also provides an interesting twist on the IOTA model as a source for applying better charitable practices. While Tangle allows for a friction-less payment system, Qubic’s smart contracts creates a model for accountability. Donors and charity organizers can arrange funds in contracts that ensure proper payouts. Rather than leaving a loophole for embezzlement or wasteful spending, Qubic contracts can be designed in such a way that payment can only be dispersed after following proper qualifications.

The end result is improved efficiency and less waste on behalf of the non-profit organization, while donors have greater peace of mind that their funding is going to the right places. While the aforementioned outlook of cryptocurrency still favors adoption in the scale of years as opposed to months, furthering the usability of currencies like IOTA is the first step for growing the industry.

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Breakdown of IOTA’s Qubic Compared to Ethereum (ETH) Smart Contracts

IOTA (MIOTA)–Two weeks ago, the IOTA Foundation released news concerning the long-anticipated Qubic Project. While Qubic does not constitute a new currency or coin offering, it will function as a significant improvement to the existing IOTA framework, particularly through the application of smart contracts. The press release concerning the launch of Qubic highlighted that the new protocol would focus on smart contracts, allowing for micropayments to be made through Tangle, in addition to providing an incentive for IOTA users to contribute to network function.

Tangle has been the key innovation for IOTA and the support of the IOTA Foundation, providing a technology that scales with network use. As opposed to Bitcoin’s transaction model, which relies upon miner fees that increase greatly with network congestion (reaching as high as 55 USD during last December’s high), Tangle employs a more efficient use of resources while avoiding the need for monetary fees. Instead of spending a percentage of their coin on transactions, IOTA users “pay” by providing computing power to support the consensus protocol for the entire network. As more users participate in IOTA and contribute to the network, the ability for the platform as a whole to handle more transactions also increases. Which means, the limitation to scale for IOTA is nonexistant, with the ability to handle greater volume rising with greater user participation.

Hence, the significance of IOTA’s Qubic providing an “incentive” for users to participate on the network. When it comes to Tangle, the greater the participation, the greater the utility. Smart contracts are also a major highlight to Qubic, and allow IOTA to challenge Ethereum as the most dominant currency in the field of contracts. As Reddit user u/Serialnvestor, pointed out in this analysis of Qubic vs. Ethereum smart contracts, IOTA has a significant advantage over Ethereum due to how the consensus mechanism operates:

Tangle qubics (once qubic goes live) will rely on a single quorum, or a group of quorums to perform a computation.

Ethereum smart contracts rely on every machine processing every transaction.

The ethereum network has a hidden flaw. Blocksize. The ethereum network has a gas limit rather than a block size. The ethereum network is composed of light nodes and full nodes. However with an unbounded blocksize, the network latency requirements to actually run a full node go up. And network latency does not obey moore’s law. What this means is that as the number of people who run full nodes goes down the ethereum network becomes more centralized.

IOTA, rather than relying upon each individual machine to participate in the consensus of smart contracts, is employing a quorum approach. From the definition of quorum: the minimum number of members of an assembly or society that must be present at any of its meetings to make the proceedings of that meeting valid. Execution of smart contracts, via Tangle, will institute a quorum-based approach for Qubic, meaning that a certain percentage of network users will be recruited to guarantee the security and consensus of the contract, without actually having to be validated by the entire network. The end result is greater efficiency and less time spent recruiting machines across the network. It would be similar to paying a fraction of an electorate base to verify the voting process for a political race, as opposed to requiring the consensus of every individual in a country.

Tangle continues to be the focal point for IOTA, both in terms of efficiency and its ability to dictate the future of cryptocurrency. While the coin is suffering from the price fall impacting the entire market, Qubic represents the type of innovation that could become a significant tailwind for cryptocurrency, particularly if the IOTA Foundation succeeds in making its technology the standard for the world’s 8-billion-plus IoT devices.