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IBM Partners with Abu Dhabi National Oil Company for Blockchain Supply Chain System

A United Arab Emirates national oil company has successfully piloted a blockchain system for oil and gas production.

The Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) has successfully collaborated with IBM to pilot a blockchain supply chain system, according to an ADNOC press release published on Dec. 9.

The release notes that ADNOC — a state-owned oil company in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) — is reportedly among the world’s leading energy and petrochemical groups, with a daily output of about 3 million barrels of oil and 10.5 cubic feet of natural gas.

The pilot project has “provided a single platform that tracks the quantities and financial values of each bilateral transaction” between the involved companies automating the accounting, the release reports.

The system had been announced by the ADNOC Digital Unit Manager, Abdul Nasser Al Mughairbi, at the recent World Energy Capital Assembly in London. During the summit, he noted that “this could be the first application of blockchain in oil and gas production.” Al Mughairbi then further illustrated his perception of the underlying technology:

“Blockchain is a game-changer. It will substantially reduce our operating costs by eliminating time-consuming and labor-intensive processes, strengthen the marketing and trading of our products, and create long-term sustainable value.”

Zahid Habib, an IBM representative, claimed that the system “enables the ability to track irrefutably, every molecule of oil, and its value, from well to customer.” ArabianGazette also added that in the future, customers and investors will be given access to the data “providing seamless integration among stakeholders.”

The press release further noted what ADNOC hopes this system will bring to the company and its customers:

“[The system] will reduce the time it takes to execute transactions between [its] operating companies and significantly increase operational efficiencies across its full value chain. It will also improve the reliability of production data by enabling greater transparency in transactions.”

Cointelegraph reported earlier last week on the launch of a blockchain-based processing tool from post-trade management platform VAKT, designed for an initial group of crude oil industry clients including giants such as BP, Equinor, Shell, Gunvor and Mercuria.

The Abu Dhabi Global Market also completed a test of a blockchain-based system earlier this week. The international financial free zone in the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has reportedly successfully concluded a pilot for the Know Your Customer (KYC) project.

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Huobi Opens First Russian Office in Partnership with State Bank’s Digital Tech Center

Huobi has launched its first branch in Russia in partnership with local state-owned VEB bank’s blockchain and crypto center.

Singapore-based cryptocurrency exchange Huobi has officially launched its first branch in Russia on Thursday, Dec. 6, according to a press release shared with Cointelegraph today.

The Moscow-based exchange, dubbed Huobi Russia, is established in partnership with the state-owned Russian Development Bank’s (VEB) Digital Transformation Center and supported by Huobi’s regional exchange partnership program, Huobi Cloud.

The Center of Digital Transformation was created by VEB to promote blockchain and other crypto-related technologies, as its website states.

Back in September of this year, Huobi first joined Russia’s VEB Innovation Fund and became a resident of the Digital Transformation Center to share experience on crypto regulation, with the fund’s CEO claiming that Huobi’s expertise will assist in building a “legal basis that could compete with current promising jurisdictions.”

Speaking at a private event on Thursday, Huobi senior business director David Chen claimed that the launch of Huobi Russia will help to promote the company’s “leading technology and trading expertise to Russian users,” including such skills as “unmatched safety, stability, and user experience.”

Huobi Russia CEO Andrei Grachev also noted the increasing volumes of crypto trading in Russia, claiming that the volumes have “recently exceeded US $20 million in a single day,” regardless of the current bear market.

Russia’s VEB Innovation Fund, created in 2011, is reportedly the “first” Russian specialized center for support and development of disruptive technologies in the fields of management and the functioning of enterprises and government corporations, according to the center’s website.

The innovation center is exploring and implementing various blockchain projects, and houses more than 20 branches of major blockchain and tech companies such as the Ethereum Foundation, Bitcoin (BTC) tech company Bitfury, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), and others.

Vladimir Demin, chairman of VEB’s Innovation Fund, claimed that Russia is “actively promoting the blockchain market,” with VEB willing to play an “important role as a leader in blockchain research and legislation,” as reported in the press release.

Founded in 1922, VEB bank, or “the state corporation Bank for Development and Foreign Economic Affairs,” is the first international bank of the Soviet Union, originally named Roskombank. The bank is responsible for developing the Russian economy, as well as managing Russia’s state debts and pension funds.

Other Russian banks have also shown an interest in blockchain technology.

Recently, major Russian state-backed bank Sberbank conducted an over-the-counter (OTC) monetary repurchase agreement based on blockchain technology. And earlier in November, the Russian branch of Raiffeisen Bank International teamed up with local state oil giant Gazprom Neft to issue a blockchain-enabled bank guarantee.

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Chinese Internet Court Uses Blockchain to Protect Online Writer’s Intellectual Property

A Chinese Internet Court has started using blockchain to protect the intellectual property of online writers.

An Internet Court in Hangzhou, Eastern China, has turned to blockchain to fight piracy at the expense of online writers, English-language media outlet China.org.cn reports Dec. 8.

China has reportedly “set up three Internet courts in Hangzhou, Beijing and Guangzhou.” Internet Courts are courts expressly intended to manage internet-related cases and allow plaintiffs to file their complaints online.

The official website of Hangzhou Internet Court reads that it “behave[s] as an ‘incubator’ for Internet space governance, a ‘test field’ for Internet judicial rules, a ‘leader’ for diversified Internet disputes, and a ‘first mover’ for the transformation of Internet trials.”

Hangzhou, whose Internet Court plans to use a blockchain copyright system, is “home to many, if not most, online writers in China,” according to China.org.cn. The news outlet notes that 107 “famous” online writers work in a “writers’ village” in the Binjiang District of the city.

The aforementioned article explains that online writers are frequently damaged by piracy, and it’s often hard for them to prove that they are the original authors of any text. Writers used “to resort to screenshots and downloaded content as evidence,” but this is weak evidence since it can be easily forged, China.org.cn notes.

Wang Jiangqiao, a judge at Internet Court, said that since “blockchain guarantees that data can not be tampered [with] […] all digital footprints stored in the judicial blockchain system […] have legal effect,” specifically noting the ability to track “authorship, time of creation, content and evidence of infringement.”

Wang Jiangqiao’s statement is in line with China’s Supreme Court ruling in early September that blockchain can legally authenticate evidence.

As Cointelegraph previously reported in an analysis, blockchain use to contrast piracy in online media is nothing new.

A Russian startup is also reportedly working on a blockchain-based copyright network in Uzbekistan. The project will start by digitizing patents and storing them on-chain before moving onto securing intellectual property as well.

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Crypto, Bitcoin (BTC) Crash Just A “Bump In The Road”

Diehards: Bitcoin (BTC), Crypto Slump Is Just A Bump

Since Bitcoin (BTC)’s first day on the block, if you will, there have been a number of diehard decentralists that have seen immense value in the world’s first blockchain network. And while much has changed since the launch of the project, originally headed by pseudonymous coder Satoshi Nakamoto, with the crypto industry seeing sweeping market cycles, zealous believers in this decade-old innovation haven’t faltered in their belief.

In a testament to this undying belief, at the Bloomberg Crypto Summit on Friday, a number of crypto-centric panelists and presenters doubled-down on their affection towards cryptocurrencies and related technologies.  Speaking on-stage, James Bevan, chief investment officer at CCLA Investment Management, a long-term return-focused consortium, touched on crypto’s recent collapse, which skeptics say is a precursor to a Bitcoin “death spiral.”

Bevan, who once lauded Bitcoin (BTC) as pertinent in the future of global transactions, said the following:

“I don’t regard this as an existential crisis, I just regard it as a bump in the road and institutional investors have had plenty of bumps in the road in conventional currencies and transaction systems.”

Speaking with the Independent U.K., Angel Versetti, CEO of Ambrosus, echoed this sentiment that this is far from the end for cryptocurrencies. In an interview, the blockchain startup chief claimed that while many lambast cryptocurrencies for being in a Dotcom-esque bubble, this is far from the case. In fact, Versetti noted that he “doesn’t believe [that] we are, or were, anywhere close to a bubble with cryptocurrency.” The CEO of the blockchain upstart then added that the arrival of hotshot institutional players, who he dubbed “bankers” and “financiers,” indicates that the industry’s first bonafide bubble is still on the horizon, rather than in the present.

Attributing a figure to his call for an eventual bubble, the Ambrosus chief exclaimed that an eventual $15 to $20 trillion U.S. dollar market capitalization for all crypto assets is within the realm of possibility.

“I Can See A Huge [Stablecoin] Expansion”

After Bevan made his comments, other industry insiders also discussed stablecoins, a growing subset of cryptocurrencies that are aimed at more conservative investors — namely, institutions.

In recent months, a number of stablecoins have hit the market, with even Coinbase and Circle joining the fray. Keeping in mind that these new cryptocurrencies often are lauded as better than Tether (USDT), coupled with the recent downturn in Bitcoin, stablecoins recently saw an influx of buying pressure, as traders sought solace.

As noted by CoinDesk’s market analysis team, three USDT competitors, TrueUSD, USD Coin, and the Paxos Standard, recently entered the crypto Top 30, finding themselves around a ~$190 million market capitalization.

And interestingly, Lewis Fellas, the chief investment officer a British crypto fund Bletchley Park, believes that this growing stablecoin dominance is only slated to continue moving forward, despite the fears regarding Tether and Bitfinex. Fellas explained that there are purportedly 120 stablecoin-centric projects, but this subindustry is still in the “early innings of the proliferation.” The CIO added that he sees “huge expansion” potential, presumably referencing the institutional penchant for this form of cryptocurrency, which is just like a digitized dollar with blockchain values.

The conference attendees also touched on regulation in Bitcoin markets, claiming that it will become a growing facet of this industry henceforth. Although some lauded regulation as a good thing for crypto entrepreneurs, Ryan Radloff, CEO at CoinShares, exclaimed that government intervention could pose challenges, especially if there are discrepancies between crypto-friendly nations, many of which are economically small, and Western powerhouses.

Yet, Marieke Flament, the global chief of marketing at Boston-based Circle, claimed that it is necessary for larger countries to lay a path for cryptocurrency regulation, instead of leaving nations to play a never-ending waiting game.

Title Image Courtesy of JOHN TOWNER on Unsplash

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Ethereum Constantinople To Launch In Jan. 2019, ETH Surges 10%

Ethereum Constantinople Blockchain Upgrade Nearing Activation

As reported by Ethereum World News in early-October, after developing Constantinople for months, the Ethereum core development team decided to take the blockchain upgrade to the network’s Ropsten testnet. At the time, the developers believed that if the test succeeded, Constantinople, a protocol that will decrease block rewards and divert ASICs,  would be uploaded to the mainnet by October’s end.

However, upon activation of the upgrade on Ropsten, it became apparent that something was amok, as the fork stalled at block 4,299,999 for two hours, indicating that Constantinople had trouble coming out of the starting gate. Even after the testnet resumed, zero transactions were initially shown in the post-hard fork blocks.

Eventually, Afri Schoedon, a developer at Parity, took to Twitter to give the crypto community a concise update on the situation, simply explaining that a consensus issue had unfortunately occurred, catalyzing a three-way fork between Geth, Parity, and another popular Ethereum-based client. In a post-mortem of the fork, the Parity developer explained:

  • Recently added hashpower caused reduced block times and caused this hardfork to happen much earlier than expected on a Saturday which is, by all means, the worst time for a hardfork.
  • Hardfork happened only 6 days after Geth release and 1 day after Parity release, users had not enough time to upgrade.
  • There is no fork monitor available, only http://ropsten-stats.parity.io which does not reveal details about the different chains.

Keeping all these issues in mind, Schoedon, who is an active blockchain developer, claimed that the Ethereum community shouldn’t rush this pertinent upgrade.

After the event, Ethereum World News stipulated that Constantinople could activate by mid-January, the 16th to be exact. And now, in a recent Core Developer meeting, this call for a January blockchain upgrade has come true.

Through the project’s most recent bi-weekly call, it has been confirmed that Ethereum Constantinople will activate on the processing of block 7,080,000, which is slated to arrive around January 14th, per CoinTelegraph and statistics from Etherscan.

Serenity Continues To Loom 

For those who aren’t aware, the launch of Constantinople is a pertinent event in Ethereum’s long-term calendar, as the upgrade will move the long-standing project one step closer towards Serenity.

Justin Drake, a blockchain researcher, recently told Ran NeuNer that Serenity, or Ethereum 2.0, has been chugging along just fine. Drake claimed that researchers have continued to propose better and better designs for the upgraded blockchain, which would see Ethereum activate Sharding, a protocol that speeds up data processing.

Even Vitalik Buterin, a co-founder of the world-renowned project, lauded Serenity. At Devcon4, the Russian-Canadian coder noted that the blockchain overhaul may eventually facilitate “pure PoS consensus, faster times to synchronous confirmation (8-16 seconds), economic finality (10-20 minutes),” and, most importantly, a 1,000x scalability upside, which will likely discredit all fears of scalability.

ETH Posts 10% Gain Amid Market Tumult

Although the news regarding the Constantinople upgrade’s activation wasn’t confirmed as a bullish catalyst, in the past 24 hours, as per Live Coin Watch, Ether (ETH) has surged by 10.6%, beating the performance of Bitcoin by 8.62%.

This recent move, which sent the asset sky-high, brings ETH to $94.7, after falling to a more-than-year-to-date low at $82 on Thursday night/Friday morning from over-$100.

Title Image Courtesy of ian dooley on Unsplash

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Blockchain Policy Development in China Concentrated in Three Cities

One third of national blockchain-related policies in China have been made in three areas: Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou.

Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou — or BeiShangGuang — has become the most concentrated area of ​​relevant blockchain legislation and policy in China, reports local finance publication Securities Daily Dec. 7.

The Chinese securities newspaper has analyzed blockchain-related policies introduced throughout the country in the recent years, and concluded that there are 32 blockchain-related policies within the country. Meanwhile, 11 projects are concentrated in three areas: Beijing , Shanghai  and Guangzhou. The publications states:

“Blockchain technology [is aimed] to serve the real economy, focusing on the balance between innovation, regulation and security, and clarifying the bottom line of financial stability and information security.”

China has adopted a split policy toward blockchain and cryptocurrencies, praising and adopting blockchain technology — China’s President Xi Jinping has publicly called blockchain a technological priority of the 21 century — while banning cryptocurrencies.

Last month, China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) published a document, calling  to “accelerate” the development of standards for blockchain system applications across various domestic industries.

Also last month, a new blockchain alliance, involving 54 different companies, was established in Guangzhou city, aimed to promote and develop blockchain technology in the country.

Meanwhile, the Chinese government has purportedly censored certain materials pertaining to cryptocurrencies. When Andreas Antonopoulos’  book “Mastering Bitcoin” appeared on China’s state-run TV channel, the title had been changed to “Blockchain: the Road to the Digitization of Assets,” and contained no references to Bitcoin (BTC).

The People’s Bank of China (PBoC), the Chinese central bank, had made several warnings against cryptocurrencies, calling them “bubbles” in financing and investment. Earlier this week, the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Financial Work reminded the public that Security Token Offering (STOs) were considered illegal in the jurisdiction.

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Gemini Adds Support for Bitcoin Cash Trading and Custody on the ABC Network

Gemini, a major cryptocurrency exchange and custodian, recently announced it launched support for Bitcoin Cash on the ABC blockchain.

Cryptocurrency exchange Gemini announced support for Bitcoin Cash (BCH) custody and trading today with a post on its official Medium blog, Dec. 8. Gemini, which is based in the United States, was founded in 2015 by the Winklevoss brothers.

The exchange pointed out that, at the moment, it will “only be providing support for the Bitcoin ABC network” which is identified on the platform as “Bitcoin Cash with ticker: BCH.”

Gemini declared that they “are continuing to evaluate Bitcoin SV over the coming weeks or months, and we may or may not choose to support withdrawals and/or trading of Bitcoin SV in the future.”

In order to ensure legal compliance, the company, which claims to be the world’s most regulated cryptocurrency exchange and custodian, reportedly “worked closely with the New York State Department of Financial Services (NYSDFS) to obtain approval to offer Bitcoin Cash trading and custody services.”

Bitcoin SV and Bitcoin ABC are the two blockchains that contended for the Bitcoin Cash name after a controversial hard fork. What was often referred to as a “war” in the crypto community ended when Bitcoin SV backer and billionaire entrepreneur Calvin Ayre declared that the chain no longer wants the Bitcoin Cash name, as Cointelegraph reported Nov. 24.

In October, Gemini gained regulatory approval to offer trading of major cryptocurrency Litecoin (LTC). Gemini’s vice president of engineering Eric Winer noted Gemini’s thoroughgoing “banking compliance and fiduciary obligations” under oversight from NYDFS. He stated that Litecoin trading support came as the result of close cooperation with regulators, and that the exchange is approaching new assets with a “security-first” approach.

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Ethereum Constantinople Hard Fork to Come in Mid-January, Based on Dev’s New Agreement

Ethereum core developers have decided to activate the Constantinople upgrade at block 7,080,000.

Ethereum (ETH) core developers have agreed to launch the long-awaited Constantinople  hard fork at block 7,080,000, as decided in a bi-weekly developers meeting on Friday, Dec. 7.

The new agreement follows the previous decision to delay Constantinople fork for late January 2019 due to a “consensus issue” that occurred during the upgrade trial on Ropsten testnet in October.

Given the press-time ETH block time of 14.3 sec, and the number of remaining blocks of around 234,745, the Constantinople upgrade is likely to become active in around 38 days from press time, or around Jan. 14, 2019, according to the data from the Ethereum blockchain explorer Etherscan.

ETH

Ethereum’s last block and blocktime at press time. Source: Etherscan

The upcoming Constantinople hard fork encompassses five separate Ethereum Improvement Proposals (EIPs) in order to soften the transition from proof-of-work (PoW) to more energy efficient proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus algorithm.

Once activated, the upgrade is supposed to fundamentally change the Ethereum blockchain, with the synchronous nodes update to the entire system.

Ethereum is a public, open-sourced blockchain platform featuring smart contracts and its native cryptocurrency Ether. Launched on July 30, 2015, Ethereum is now the third biggest cryptocurrency by market cap at around $9.7 billion and is trading at $94.67 as of press time, according to data from CoinMarketCap.

Recently, Ethereum co-found Vitalik Buterin was granted an honorary doctorate from the Switzerland’s oldest university, the University of Basel, for “outstanding achievements in fields of cryptocurrencies, smart contracts, and the design of institutions.”

In November, analysts from Northeastern University and the University of Maryland claimed that the alleged existing lack of diversity in Ethereum smart contracts threatens the whole Ethereum blockchain ecosystem.

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EU Report Considers Blockchain-Based Digital Identities, Tokenized National Currencies

The EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum has made a case for a blockchain-powered “self-sovereign” digital identity system to secure and share personal information.

In its latest report released on Dec. 7, the European Union Blockchain Observatory and Forum (EUBOF) made a case for a blockchain-based digital identity system and digital versions of national currencies.

The report was prepared by blockchain software technology firm ConsenSys AG on behalf of the EUBOF, and focuses on the analysis of what blockchain properties could be beneficial and advantageous for governments.

The EUBOF suggests that governments should develop “user-controlled, ‘self-sovereign’ identity capabilities” to create secure, private, unique and verifiable identities, that can provide sufficient proof of identity without revealing more data than it is necessary for a transaction. The report recognizes that this has proven difficult to achieve with centralized technologies.

While the idea behind blockchain-based self-sovereign identity is that individuals could keep verified personal information themselves, instead of third parties, the EUBOF notes potential challenges for governments.

The report states that identity standards and frameworks must first be developed, in addition to defining the extent to which people want identity systems to be decentralized. It adds:

“They [governments] will have to take into account how identity attributes change over time during a person’s natural lifecycle, and will need to offer different levels of transparency depending on the context (e.g., verifying that someone is over 18 without providing a birth date). Identity platforms also need to be inclusive of all citizens, including those who, for whatever reason, have no access to or are not able to use technology.”

Another important issue raised in the report is digital versions of national currencies on a blockchain, or the ability of governments to “put fiat currency on the chain.” The report further reads:

“Putting digital versions of national currencies on the blockchain means they could then become integral parts of smart contracts. That would unlock much of the potential innovation of blockchain by allowing parties to create automated agreements, including direct transactions in these currencies, instead of having to use a cryptocurrency as a proxy.”

The report cites plans and initiatives of central banks in tokenizing national currencies, or inter-bank payments with distributed ledgers to make transaction processes more transparent, resilient, and cost efficient. Moreover, governments could purportedly use blockchain-based tokens in non-monetary ways, like an e-voucher that can be exchanged for government services.

This week, Malta, France, Italy, Cyprus, Portugal, Spain and Greece released a declaration calling for help in the promotion of Distributed Ledger Technology’s (DLT) use in the region, claiming that could be a “game changer” for southern EU economies. Among other things, the group also cited blockchain tech’s use for protecting citizens’ privacy and making bureaucratic procedures more efficient.

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Why We Might Wait a While for Coinbase to List Cardano (ADA), XRP and Stellar (XLM)

In a move that has left many crypto enthusiasts scratching their heads, the cryptocurrency exchange of Coinbase has announced that it was exploring listing another set of cryptocurrencies. This new list was announced before completion of the previous list of 5 digital assets. That list still had 2 digital assets yet to be listed on Coinbase: Cardano (ADA) and Stellar (XLM).

The exchange made the announcement via twitter as follows:

Coinbase is exploring the addition of 30+ new digital assets. It’s our goal to offer support for all assets that meet our standards and are compliant with local law.

A Total of 31 Digital Assets

Coinbase went on to announce via Medium.com that it was exploring the following new list of 31 digital assets.

Cardano (ADA), Aeternity (AE), Aragon (ANT), Bread Wallet (BRD), Civic (CVC), Dai (DAI), district0x (DNT), EnjinCoin (ENJ), EOS (EOS), Golem Network (GNT), IOST (IOST), Kin (KIN), Kyber Network (KNC), ChainLink (LINK), Loom Network (LOOM), Loopring (LRC), Decentraland (MANA), Mainframe (MFT), Maker (MKR), NEO (NEO), OmiseGo (OMG), Po.et (POE), QuarkChain (QKC), Augur (REP), Request Network (REQ), Status (SNT), Storj (STORJ), Stellar (XLM), XRP (XRP), Tezos (XTZ), and Zilliqa (ZIL).

The Observation that Coinbase Likes to List ERC20 Tokens First

In the previous list of 5 digital assets that Coinbase was exploring, it was noted that the exchange listed the ERC20 tokens of Ox (ZRX) and Basic Attention Token (BAT) first. This is in line with a March 2018 announcement by the exchange that it was supporting the Ethereum ERC20 technical standard. From a software integration point of view, Coinbase will have an easier time listing ERC20 tokens than listing Cardano (ADA), Stellar (XLM), XRP and any other coin with a different protocol.

25 Tokens In the New List

Out of the 31 digital assets mentioned by Coinbase, 6 are coins on their own networks. They include ADA, EOS, NEO, XLM, XRP and Tezos (XTZ).

This means that the other 25 are tokens that could be listed before the 6 aforementioned coins.

We can also assume that the exchange might choose to list Dai (DAI) next since it is a stablecoin. The past few months of market volatility has created a need for stablecoins for traders to hedge with during times of market turmoil.

The ‘Anomaly’ That was ZCash (ZEC)

The listing of ZEC by Coinbase a few days back caught many traders off guard. No one expected ZEC to be listed before ADA and XLM. This then led us to explore two speculative reasons as to why this was so.

Firstly, we put forth the idea that Coinbase wants to compete with the Gemini exchange by the Winklevoss Twins that already has ZEC. Secondly, we put forth the idea that ZEC was listed due to demand by institutional clients. Coinbase did a similar thing when they opened an OTC trading desk after requests from institutional investors.

The Silver Lining

However, in our attempt to explain how and when Coinbase will list XLM, XRP or ADA, we have missed the obvious: that the future holds the possibility of more digital assets being listed on the platform.

What are your thoughts on Coinbase announcing a new list of 31 digital assets before completing the earlier list of 5 that included ADA and XLM? Please let us know in the comment section below.

[Image courtesy of Shutterstock]

Disclaimer: This article is not meant to give financial advice. Any additional opinion herein is purely the author’s and does not represent the opinion of Ethereum World News or any of its other writers. Please carry out your own research before investing in any of the numerous cryptocurrencies available. Thank you.

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